Welcome back! I hope everyone has been enjoying this blog and has found these tips useful in their improvisations. In this week’s tip, I’m going to be talking about Delayed Resolutions. For those that have checked out my book (Targeting: Improvisation With Purpose) or have been watching this blog the past 13 weeks know that I’m really big on targeting, or aiming at a goal note with purpose. We can, as a soloist, adjust the timing of when we get to that goal note. I work with my students to first learn how to land on their goal notes on beats 1 & 3 (when they’re in 4/4 time). Once they’ve fully grasped that sound and concept then we will start working on delaying that resolution. Combining the two types of resolutions can help better communicate your improvisation to an audience by captivating their attention beyond what their ear is expecting 100% of the time. The ear gravitates towards the expected. But, if you do the expected all of the time-you can lose a listener’s interest. One tool we can use is delayed resolutions.
First, let’s look at a simple example of targeting a note on beat 1. The example below is a very simple ii-V-I in the key of G where the targeted note is the “B” in the final measure:
The above is a simple example of delaying the intended resolution. It breaks up what the listener’s ear is expecting. When you change up the expected…it captures the audiences’ attention in a positive manner. If you use it too much then it loses the desired result and can sound like you’re fishing for what you’re really trying to communicate.
You can also delay the resolution with something completely unexpected. The example below delay’s the expected resolution, but does it by first landing on the #11 of the Gmaj7 before resolving to the targeted note of “B”. It’s also delaying the expected resolution to just before beat 3.
I hope this week’s tip has been helpful and encourage you to share this tip (and blog) with your friends via Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Google+, etc with the links below.
Jason Klobnak is a versatile trumpet player that has been performing as an active musician, author, clinician, composer and educator. His band, J's Ruckus, is Denver's blend of Post-Bop, Soul, Gospel, and Hip-Hop. They perform infectious and up-lifting originals for audiences hungry for a memorable live experience. J's Ruckus released their latest album, Suck Less, in March of 2020 and their first EP, Sermons, in July of 2019. Both were recorded live in front of an audience. Suck Less was recorded to a packed auditorium at Arapahoe Community College's Waring Theater in Littleton, CO. Sermons was recorded in front of a sold out crowd at the Soiled Dove Underground. The JKQ (the Jason Klobnak Quintet/Quartet) is Mr. Klobnak's Hammond B-3 centered groups. The JKQ released their third full-length album in March of 2018 called Friends & Family. It has been very well reviewed, on numerous Top 10 lists for Jazz radio stations across the country (including Denver's KUVO 89.3FM which named it May 2018's CD of the month), and in Jazzweek's Top 100. Each composition was written for specific family and close friends (that might as well be family). Their second album, New Chapter, was recorded in part thanks to the Pathways to Jazz Grant from the Boulder County Arts Alliance. In 2015 and 2016, New Chapter was in the Top 75 on the Jazzweek charts and on the Top 10 playlists for over a dozen radio stations worldwide. Their first album, Mountain, Move made the Best Recordings of 2013 list from AllAboutJazz.com by C. Michael Bailey. His very well reviewed Christmas single, Hark the Herald, in 2016 as part of a creative project with musicians James Roberson and Nathaniel Kearney Jr. Besides the JKQ, Mr. Klobnak is a B.A.C. (Best American Craftsman-custom trumpet), Denis Wick (mouthpiece and mutes) and Westone Audio endorsed artist (ES20 and Tru Customs). Mr. Klobnak has played and recorded for numerous groups ranging from jazz, soul/R&B, indie-rock/pop and gospel. In addition to performing, he has also written two improvisation-based books called Targeting: Improvisation With Purpose and Breaking the Monotony and is currently an adjunct professor and brass instructor at Arapahoe Community College. Mr. Klobnak holds a bachelor degree from Drake University (Des Moines, IA) and a Master’s degree from the University of Denver, Lamont School of Music (Denver, CO).
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